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辅导CMPSC 461 Racket Programming

CMPSC 461: Programming Language Concepts
Prof. G. Tan, Spring 2022
Programming assignment 2: Racket Programming
Total: 24 points. Due on Mar 30th at 6pm in Canvas.
1. (3 points) Write a Racket remove-when function. It takes two parameters.
The first is a boolean function f, and the second is a list l. The
remove-when function returns a list with all elements x in l such that
f(x) = #t being removed.
For example,
(remove-when (lambda (x) (> x 3)) ’(10 1 7 2))
should return the list (1 2), since both 10 and 7 are greater than 3.
Define the remove-when function by using case analysis and recursion.
2. (4 points) Write a Racket minInt function, which takes a list of numbers,
and returns its minimum element. For example, (minInt ’(7 3 6
2)) should return 2. If the input list is empty, then it should return 0.
Write the minInt function in Scheme in two steps:
(a) (2 points) Write a minInt helper function; it takes a number k
and a list of numbers, x, as arguments, and returns the number
which is the smallest among k and numbers in x. For example,
(minInt helper 5 ’(4 5 6)) should return 4.
(b) (2 points) Write the minInt function based on minInt helper.
3. (3 points) In Racket, write a higher-order function manycall that takes
three parameters: n, f, x. It calls f on x for n number of times, when
n is even, but calls f on x for n − 1 number of times, when n is odd.
That is, manycall should return x when n = 0 or n = 1; it should
return f(f(x)) when n = 2 or n = 3; it should return f(f(f(f(x))))
when n = 4 or n = 5; etc. As an example, (manycall 7 plusOne
10) should return 16. Hint: you can use built-in predicates even?
and odd? to test whether a number is even or odd, respectively.
4. (5 points) Write a Racket function to-words that takes an integer
between 0 and 199, inclusive, as a parameter and returns a list of words
1
corresponding to the integer’s reading in English. Make your function
have a small number of cases; i.e., don’t write a COND expression
with 200 cases. Example calls to your function are given below:
(to-words 13) ; should return (thirteen)
(to-words 42) ; should return (forty two)
(to-words 155) ; should return (one hundred and fifty five)
Note, in order to simplify things, we are not expecting dashes in the
output (i.e., 42 is output as “forty two” not “forty-two”). Also, if the
input number is outside of the range of [0,199], your program should
output ’error. Hint: You may want to use the built-in integer division
functions quotient and remainder.
5. (9 points) In this question, we are going to write a Racket function
wordMaxIndex that calculates the maximum index of each word that
appears in an input word list. For example, if the input is
’(time is long but life is short)
Then one output can be
((time 0) (long 2) (but 3) (life 4) (is 5) (short 6))
The index of the first word in a word list is 0; the index for the second
word is 1; etc. Therefore, in the previous example, the maximum index
for word “time” is 0; the maximum index for word “is” is 5, since “is”
appears twice, at index 1 and 5. Note that you are not asked to sort
the words in the output. Therefore, the output is correct as long as
the indexes are correct.
Do the following steps to implement the word-index program. In our
discussion, we call a word with an index a word-index pair, for example,
(short 6) and (is 5) are word-index pairs. We call a list of wordindex
pairs a word-index list.
(a) (3 points) Write a function initialWIList that takes a list of
words and creates a word-index list. The resulting word-index
list should have the right index for every word in the list. For
instance,
2
(initialWIList ’(time is long but life is short))
should generate the following output:
((time 0) (is 1) (long 2) (but 3) (life 4) (is 5) (short 6))
Hint: develop initialWIList on top of a helper function initialWIListHelper,
which takes an index k and a word list l as input. It assumes that
the first word in l has index k and generates the right word-index
list. For instance,
(initialWIListHelper 4 ’(life is short))
should generate the following output:
((life 4) (is 5) (short 6))
(b) (2 points) Write a function mergeWI. It takes two inputs. The
first is a word-index pair and the second is a word-index list.
This function generates a new word-index list. If the input wordindex
pair has a corresponding pair in the word-index list with
the same word, then only the pair with the bigger index should
be kept; otherwise, the output word-index list should have the
input word-index list with the word-index pair at the end of the
list. For instance,
(mergeWI ’(is 1) ’((time 0) (is 5)))
should generate
((time 0) (is 5))
As another example
(mergeWI ’(life 4) ’((time 0) (is 5)))
should generate
((time 0) (is 5) (life 4))
3
(c) (2 points) Write a function mergeByWord, which takes a wordindex
list and produces a new word-index list; the output wordindex
list should have one word-index pair for each word that
appears in the input list and the index should be the maximum
index of all indexes for that word in the input list. For instance,
if the input list is
((time 0) (is 1) (long 2) (but 3) (life 4) (is 5) (short 6))
then the output should be
((time 0) (long 2) (but 3) (life 4) (is 5) (short 6))
Write mergeByWord based on the reduce function we discussed in
class and mergeWI. The reduce function is not built-in in Racket;
you can type it in yourself:
(define (reduce f l v)
(if (null? l) v
(f (car l) (reduce f (cdr l) v))))
(d) (2 points) Finally, write a wordMaxIndex function that takes in
a list of words and outputs the right word-index list; that is, for
each word in the input, the output word-index list should contain
a pair for the word with the maximum index. Write this function
based on initialWIList and mergeByWord.
Notes For programming assignments, examples are given only for the purpose
of clarification. By no means that our tests will solely be based on those
examples. It’s your responsibility to thoroughly test your code by designing
your own test cases.
The Racket reference at https://docs.racket-lang.org/reference/
contains a list of standard procedures provided by Racket (for example, the
remainder and the square root functions). You may find them helpful during
your programming.
Submission format: Put all your code into one DrRacket file and submit
your file through Canvas. Please clearly mark your answers using comments
so that we can tell the correspondence between your code and questions.

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